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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  September 20, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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♪ greece left-wing party leader waits to hear if voters will give him a second chance after a knife-edge election. >> hello there. i am barbara sara. coming up on the program, scenes of desperation as hundreds of refugees scramble on to trains leaving croatia and hungary for hungary and slovenia. part of yemen's capitol is reduced to rubble as some of the worst saudi led airstrikes.
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>> celebrating mass with the pope in cuba. the faithful flock to see francis on his first visit. hello. thank you for joining us. polling booths are closing in greaseaf weiry voters were asked to choose who should lead their crisis-hit country. four general elections and one referendum. let's look at the choices available to the greek people now the governing party won the most seats in january's election. also lost popularity and mps since water down an anti-austerity. surge. >> running almost next and next in opinion polls. whoever wings will still probably have to form a coalition. we are hoping to be in that
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coalition, the traditional left wing party, p, the breakap popular unity and centrist who have been pulling in single figures along with the hard right party. we will be live in athens in just a moment. first, hamyd reports on the day's events. >> he called for snap elections barely nine months after his series of party swept to party in january. tsipras was among the first to cast his ballot. i am optimistic toma new day dawns, a day we can win today. difficulties will be overcome. steady steps. the road we must travel on. i am optimistic we can move forward. we have problem we can open rods where there are non-where the young generation are in the front line. everything is possible. >> the jubilation felt earlier in the year has been over
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shadowed by the harsh reality of greece's economic crisis. >> this vote is about getting a man date to push through new measures and reforms that have to be in place before the end of the year. judging by the ballot boxes, many greeks are staying away this time. >> there is an overwhelming lack of enthusiasm among greeks. there is fatigue, too. this is the third vote this year alone. >> mihal has taken part in each of the previous elections and supports a new party. opinion polls suggest it's neck to neck. >> i think it's spineless to me for vote -- it's pointless. the result doesn't matter anymore. i mean the time to do these sort of things, for the european unions, to be in the eurozone so the result doesn't matter. still people want to make their
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voice heard. he voted for the far right golden dome party. >> they were going to offer me one thing that i -- that i know is most of all, they are the only people, the only party that the fights for my nationality for greece. >> grease will have a new government on monday with no clear frontrunner, many predict a coalition government, one that will have to tackle issues the previous government shied away from. al jazeera. >> straight to athens to speak to al jazeera's barnaby phillips. i understand we have had some exit polls out. what the do they say? >> what they say, barbara is that probably the largestly party were between 30 and 304% of the vote. with between 28.5 and 32.5% of the vote. so you will see from there that there is a potential overlap.
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this is by no means conclusionive. we understand that it's on the basis, the exit poll, of 75% of the vote. so within margin for that slim lead to materialize to harden or to be reversed as we get more details. but what you would say is likely a certathe government, a coalit government probably a bigger coalition than they had before when they had only one junior partner. you will remember the independent greeks. the independent greeks on the right may just have scraped into parliament again but perhaps not with enough seats with the reduced majority to govern in the green parliament to have 151 seats in a 300-seat parliament. just to roll back a little bit, remember in january, he got
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36.3% of the vote. whatever happens, their share of the vote has gone down and one thing we will be looking at very closely is the turnout. i think in january, some 63% of greeks cast their votes. my predex and many other observers told is that that number will fall. it was considerably less enthusiasm and that poses another challenge of legitimacy to whichever new government emerges from this election. >> barnaby, once he became the governing party back in january, they made it clear whthey were going to fight austerity as they saw being pretty muchun lat rally imposed by germany. what kind of things have they been saying in the run-up to this election? what kind of new greek government would we see if indeed it doesn't become the largest party? >> as your question implies, they have had a serious creditability challenge during this election. they came to pour in january promising to end austerity and
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keep greece in the eurozone. those proved to be irreconcilable goals and when push came to shove, tsipras made a condition to bow, if you like, to the creditors' demands. he has presented himself in this election as the heroic lose her, the man who fought harder for greek people than many of his predecessor throughout the five-year greek economic crisis. he argues he will carry on fighting harder and in that way, he will win concessions. for example, on the issue of debt relief which has enormous symbolic importance for him but the greek people are under no illusions. there are many policies that will a new government or a new government that is led by new democracy will have to impose on privatization, on further reforms, of the pension system, on further tax changes which will be deeply unpopular and which any new government will
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really struggle to push through parliament in the months to come while retaining its popularity. it may have the seats in parliament but popular support, popular disen chantsment is bound to grow throughout the winter. >> we will check over the next few hours as we get a clearer idea of what those results are for the moment. live in athens. thank you. ♪ ♪ well, as well as obvious economic problems, greece also finds itself at the forefront of the refugee crisis. at least 13 refugees have drown did off of the coast of turkey route to lesbos when their vessel collided. it's believed 46 people were on board in the border town in croatia chaotic scenes as
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hundreds tried to board trains. police tried to hold people back but many forced their way onto a waiting train by climbing through windows. for several days thousands have been stuck between hungary, slougheen i can't and croatia. the countries haven't been able to agree on how to deal with the increasing number of people arriving to them this will update. >> reporter: well, at this moment, everything is under the control but in the last five days, we were seeing a lot of chaotic scenes here in croatia it took -- actually took five days for the government to take over the control under the situation. well, people were not in the past few days, people were not riled by anything. there was a lack of food, water, any other supplies refugees needed. they didn't know where they were going to be transported.
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hungary will be slougheen i can't? there was a big problemvenia? there was a big problem. the hungarian government decided to close the border. at one moment croatian policemen were going with the refugees across the border, they were arrested by the hungarian government told to let them go so the situation was pretty much chaotic here now, everything is under control. we can say that the first refugee wave has passed. but there are, in croatia ministry of defense said that they expect in the next few days, 15 to 20,000 people from serbia to come to croatia again. >> after years delays, nepal adopted its first democratic constitution. thousands turned out to celebrate.
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not everyone has welcomed the historic document. on saturday, hundreds of protesters gathered inc catholku to make objections known. a group in the country's south. let's take a look at the closer look at the constitution and its development. it was a key demand of maoist rebels when a 10-year civil war ended with a peace deal in 2006. there were hopes that the kongstitution would unite nepal. its caused divisions. it stamz establishes a federal and secular governing system which divides the country into seven states. that's opposed by some groups who wanted to reestablish nepal as a hindu nation. others feel they are being marginalized. >> i am standing in front of this assemble being where huge crowds are shouting in jubilation over the new constitution, shouting nepal and
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constitution and congreat lathing all of the leaders for making the constitution. from today, the assembly has turned into a regular parliament. this jubilation is in start contrast to what is happening in the southern plains earlier today. earlier today, one protester was shot dead and protests have been going on. these people were trying to break a curfew. curfews have been going on for weeks at the town here and many other parts of nepal. with e radfication -- ratification of the new constitution, it is unclear how the protest will develop. >> still coming up on al jazeera, more controversial comments from a u.s. presidential hopeful. we will tell you what he said. plus enter this is the guanas canal. one of the most polluted places in america. they are making progress trying to clean it up. there are places all over the united states that is just as
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bad if not worse than this. i am gabe bre yellow in new york. >> story coming up. tonight, saints and sinners. friends in holy places. this is between the mafia and the church. >> tracking the mob from the dark shadows to the gates of the vatican a among star managed to take the plates of the priest. what happens when the church stands up to the mob? as the pope visits the u.s., we take a closer look at the pope and the
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>> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion. a reminder the top stories. exult polls show the left wing party is likely to win but will probably have to form another coalition to govern. 13 refugees have died after their boat, the boat they were traveling in collided with a commercial vessel off the turkish coast. the boat which was carrying 46 people was trying to reach
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greece. despite weeks of protest, thousands of people have turned out in nepal's capitol to celebrate the aadoption of the country's first democratic constitution. syrian rebels trained have entered from the turkish border. activists say 75 fighters crossed and their air protection from the united states this comes one week after the u.s. admitted only 5 of its trained rebels were still fighting in syria. washington's program to develop a so-called moderate force dozens have been kidnapped or killed in attacks since july. syrian pro-government forces and opposition rebels have agreed to a temporary truce in four contested areas. rival sides will stop attacks on two villages in id limit ib and
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rebel strong holds the pause in fighting is expected to end on tuesday. two previous attempts failed to take hold. supporters have attacked a hotel where a meeting between regional african leaders was taking place. the presidents had arrived in the capitol following a military coup earlier this week. they have been discussing how to reinstate an interim government to be led by the president. the latest now from the capitol. >> this may be the end of the coup but definitely not the end of the crisis as hundreds of protesters are gathering around the hotel where the negotiations are taking place inside the people who have organized the coup, the african union, the president of senegal and i theory trying to work out the details of this agreement.
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we know elections are likely to take place. this is important that's for the people many have only experienced one president in the last 27 years. they want the opportunity to vote and they remain defiant on the street saying they will go to the ballot boss to get voices heard. >> saudi-led airstrikes have hit in one of the biggest bomb bashedments since the program began. they have held the city for a year. meanwhile, dozens of houthi fighters have been killed in the latest battles in taiz. here is more. >> chaos on the streets of taiz. a man is heard shouting, desperately asking for help. his father has just been shot. intention fighting in taiz between houthi rebels and
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government troops: the injured are rushed to this hospital, which is overwhelmed with increasing numbers of casualties. activists accuse the houthis and forces illinois to former president alsalia with targeting civilians. the war has claimed the lives of thousands of yemenis. this house was targeted by a coalition airstrike. al family of 11 was killed in the attack. it's the second considered a world heritage site. the victims were buried in the old quarter of the city one of the most ancient places in the arab world. farmers live in this area. it shouldn't have been targeted. we spent the whole night looking after injured children, happennal flew all over the area. many children were injured.
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>> the owner of this house was a farmer. he had a garden outside his building. the bomb that hit his house created damage in an area of 500 meters. we think 50 to 80 buildings were damaged in the attacks. >> forces loyal to president hopresidenthadi booked led by saudi arabia have launched an offensive to capture the proof incident both on the eastern border of sanaa. if recaptured, houthi loyalists are expected -- hadi loyalists are expected to seize the capitol next. >> the united states now where one of the men hoping to be the republican candidate for president has suggested muslims are unfit for the top job. ben carson was answering a question on t.v. net working nbc about the importance of a candidate's faith. >> i guess it depends upon what
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that faith is. if it's inconsistent with the values and principles of america, then, of course, it should matter. but if it fits within the realm of america and consistent with the constitution, no problem. >> so do you believe islam is consistent with the constitution? >> no, i don't. i do not. i would not advocate that we put a muslim in charge of this nation. i absolutely would not agree with that. >> joining us live from washington, d.c. for more on this. we all know, of course, there is isl islamophobia in the u.s. there has been certainly since 9-11. how surprising, how controversial to hear from a republican hopeful. >> this guy is a brain surgeon but apparently not aware of the u.s. constitution article 6 says no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to
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any office or public trust in the united states. that's article 6 of the u.s. constitution. clearly he doesn't seem to be aware of that given his comments. this is all on the agenda because last week, donald trump, a republican presidential front runner fielded a question from a member of the audience at one of his town harl meetings. the chap in the audience said president obama was clearly a muslim and asked when the u.s. was going to go ahead rid of all of the muslims. donald trump didn't seem to have too much of a problem with that. he didn't correct the member of the audience. this is why this has been on the agenda on the sunday talk shows. ben carson currently running third was asked about it that's what he had to say. as you said, are we surprised? we surprised sys stage in a race that presidents will be pandering to that rich vein of isl islamophobia. we can just expect more of this sort of stuff as we -- as the
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presidential campaign goes on. they aren't until next february. who knows where been carson will be by then. >> the latest on that from washington, d.c. thank you. now, a new law has been introduced in myammar to regulate interfaith marriages. buddest women must get government permission to marry a man of a different religion. there are fears the new law will be used to discriminate against minorities. a report now from yangon. s aim a and mohammed real from myanmar but live across the border in thailand. he is muslim. she converted from buddism. theynard and moved to the thai border town where they say they face less discrimination as a mixed faith couple. now with a new law that regulates marriage between buddhist women and men of other religions mohammed fears myanmar
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will be less to rapt. >> this is the family's business. why do we have to ask permission from the government. if in the future we have problems in our family, do we have to report every conflict to them? under the law, inter faith couples have to notify the local government and post a public announcement of their intention to marry. they will be allowed to we had if there are no objections. the law is one of four put forward by a hardline nationalist buddhist group for the protection of nationality and religion. dritics fear the new law will be used to discriminate against minorities here. >> mobata inlifts the law is not discriminatory. the other 3 religions, christian it, hin dew have lost a government. they don't have laws to protect them. >> inter religious rights shook myanmar three years ago.
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more than 1,00040 people, mostly muslim, are still displaced. a amo-- monk and political pris hopes for better ties. he says the new law will widen the rift between the two communities. the government has pandered for its own gains. the government wants to maintain power to control the country. that's why they created this problem. they want to continue to use their power. >> that power will mean inter faith couples such as mohammed and salima will find it more difficult to be together. florence luoi. >> pope francis has gun his first visit to cuba in the united states by celebrating
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mass >> they want to see pope francis who of course spoke to them in their own language. he is from argentina. now, before he actually arrived at the stage you see behind me, he drove past in his pope mobile and at that point .3 young men in their mid 20s rushed the popemobile twice to speak to him. one of them managed to do so. they were carrying leaflets which they tossed out before they were grabbed by security agents, hurled, slightly beaten and taken away. we are told these about were dissident did who wanted to speak to the pope. the message has been that of
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reconciliation, which is ironic. he talks about reconciliation between the united states and cuba and cubans amongst themselves. all of cubans who are in this country and the cubans who have left either for political or economic reasons. >> the canal until new york city is a little known water way with big pollution problems. it's one of the most toxic water ways in america. the government has stepped in to try to get it and other toxic did he havecites cleaned up. a report. the canal is so filthy and contamnated, most people don't want to go near it, let alone touch it. not nyman. he sets out to wade into it. one of the most polluted and toxic waterways. greases, oils, detergevents, anything that runs through your sewer system ends up in the canal. >> you don't have to look too close to see how polluted it is.
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that's why he takes water samples to monitor the toxicity levels. however, it's under the surface were raw surnling leaftates in murky water giving a perspective on how ugly the problem is, a problem that dates back decades look its banks. remnants mostly closed down that use the canal as a dutching ground for chemical by products that long ago formed a tar like substance, some of which settled at the bottom. >> it is so sploout polluted and toxic it has been designated add super fund site. that's the name given to any area or location in america that is so polluted that fedral government steps in to try to clean it up. it's not just here there are many more places all over america just as bad if not worse than this. >> these yellow dots are
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everywhere they are more than 1,000 trio 0 of them. lisa garcia, an environmental lawyer estimates there are at least 10,000 more highly toxic sites around the country. >> there are thousands of contaminated or abandoned sites in states, cities, that just haven't been designated for clean-up or have i want been cleaned up. >> are there a lot of people that live around the sites? >> an academic study revealed probably one in 4 americans are living within miles of a designated super fund site or potential abandoned and contamnated sites. >> back at the canal, the government has begun the complicated an costly can clean-up effort. it will be at least another five years until it's done. degal says he will remain out on his can' as far as it takes hoping when it does get cleaned up, it could be an example for the thousands of others that aren't.
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>> gabe agree yell azondo, al jazeera, new york. >> much more on our website. on that and all of the other stories we have been covering here on the program. the address on your screen right now, aljazeera.com. >> this is "techknow". a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wildfire. >> we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity, but we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science... >> oh! >> oh my god! >> by scientists. >> tonight, techknow investigates vaping. >> whoever bought this got way more than they bargained for. >> yes they did. >> it's everywhere... in clubs, street corners and cars. they say it's safe, it can help break the cigarette habit. >> if i had to say what is more

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